Satyendra Nath Bose was born on 1 January 1894. He is best known for his work on quantum mechanics in the 1920s.
Google Doodle Today: On June 4, Google paid tribute to Satyendra Nath Bose by putting an animated picture of him on its home page. After all, who was Satyendra Nath Bose and why did Google remember him today? Satyendra Nath Bose was born on 1 January 1894, he was an Indian mathematician and a great scientist in theoretical physics. He is remembered for his contributions to the field of quantum mechanics in the 1920s. He had established Bose Statistics and Bose Condensate. He was also awarded Padma Vibhushan by the Government of India in 1954.
Bose was born in Kolkata. He was the eldest son in his family and after him, he had only 6 sisters. His studies started at the age of 5 and he was admitted to the New Indian School. In the final year of his school, he took admitted to Hindu School. He passed the board’s examination in 1909. He came fifth in his class. After that, he took admitted to Presidency College Calcutta. He got his education from Jagadish Chandra Bose, Sarada Prasanna Das Prafulla Chandra Ray.
From 1916 to 1921, he was a lecturer in the Physics Department of the Rajabazar Science College, University of Calcutta. With Saha, Bose prepared the first book in English in 1919 based on German and French translations of Einstein’s original papers on special and general relativity. In 1921, he joined the University of Dhaka (in present-day Bangladesh) as a Reader in the Physics Department. Bose established several new departments including laboratories to teach advanced courses for M.Sc and B. Sc Honors and taught Thermodynamics as well as James Clerk Maxwell’s Theory of Electromagnetism.
Presenting a lecture on the theory of radiation and ultraviolet catastrophe at the University of Dhaka, Bose decided to show his students that the contemporary theory was not correct, as it could not predict the results according to experimental results. In the process of describing this discrepancy, Bose first took the position that the Maxwell–Boltzmann distribution would not be correct for fine particles, where fluctuations would be significant due to Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle.
Apart from physics, he also did some research in biotechnology and literature (Bengali and English). He studied deeply chemistry, geology, zoology, anthropology, engineering, and other sciences. Being Bengali, he made significant contributions to promoting Bengali as a teaching language, translating scientific papers into it, and promoting the development of the region.
Death of Satyendra Nath Bose
He did many great things in his life. He made his contribution in promoting the study of science to the study of Bengali. On 4 February 1974, he said goodbye to this world. Even though she is not with us today, we can still take inspiration from the work done by her. The principles given by him in the field of science will always be useful to us.